Health and Wellbeing

Investigating population health and wellbeing in urban and rural areas, mapping inequalities in healthcare provision and use, also investigating the emerging issues regarding the access to medical services and health professional migrations are particular aspects concerned with this theme.

Themes Co-responsible : Liliana Dumitrache, Mariana Nae, Gabriel Simion, Ana Maria Talos, Alina Mareci

•    Regional disparities in health and health care provision in Romania: Liliana Dumitrache.

•    Inequalities and Inequities in Access to Health Services in Romania: Liliana Dumitrache, Mariana Nae, and Gabriel Simion.

•    Active and Healthy Ageing: Effects and Implications in Romania: Ana -Maria Talos

• Health professionals migration: Causes, Dynamics and Consequences: Liliana Dumitrache, Mariana Nae.

•    Health and Health Care Issues in Remote Areas: The Danube Delta: Alina Mareci.

•    Quality of life in urban and rural areas: Mariana Nae.

COURSE: Smart health: digital transformation of healthcare systems

May 16-18th, 2022 (online event -Google Meet platform)

CIVIS Focus Area: Global awarness & Civic engagement 

Aims and General information

Population Health and wellbeing lay at the heart of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Achieving ‘health for all’ requires financial resources, technology development transfer, capacity-building, inclusive partnerships, and civic engagement. Health systems have a crucial role through financing, organizing the healthcare workforce, and ensuring better population access to medical assistance and medicine. 

Demographic changes, frequency and severity of natural disasters and unprecedented rise of chronic diseases will increase demands and costs for care and health systems need to be redefined to better respond to a wide range of shocks (pandemics, climate changes, disasters ).

The actual reactive model of care doesn’t meet the population’s needs; new models, based on a proactive and preventive approach, empower patients to be active partners in managing their health conditions. Shifting from traditional healthcare to smart healthcare will revolutionize healthcare systems globally, increasing preventive and predictive care components by using digital technologies to connect regulators, patients, healthcare professionals and medical facilities. The use of digital and mobile technologies enable intelligent disease detection, control and monitoring, virtual care, smart health management, thus expanding care capabilities beyond medical institutions and facilitating new models of care that maximize healthcare resources keeping individuals healthy and less dependent on curative care. The 7P (Personalized, Pervasive, Participatory, Predictive, Preventive, Programmable and Perpetual in healthcare) appeared as a need to follow the main objectives in smart health. The COVID-19 pandemic acted as a catalyst for the digital transformation of health systems and probably will introduce a new era in tackling health problems. Although there has been significant progress in smart and connected health care, challenges and barriers still exist. 

Within this three-day online CIVIS course, we will explore current and emerging knowledge on smart health and healthcare and the innovative technology behind a smart healthcare system. 

Learning outcomes:

The course is expected to outline the current status and future developments in the field of smart health and healthcare.

The course will bring together students within the CIVIS alliance to address and discuss crucial aspects of smart health and healthcare, focussing on:

i)  understanding global context and the need to restructure the traditional healthcare delivery system shifting from reactive to proactive and predictive models of care; digital transformation –imperative for health care system;

ii) understanding how health systems use digital technologies to transform health care:  the innovative technology behind an intelligent healthcare system, new models of healthcare delivery; the role of (AI), machine learning, emerging digital health technologies to increase health system efficiency and to improve citizens health while minimizing costs;

iii) understanding patient engagement in healthcare: patient participation in healthcare decision-making; building the capacity and ability  of patients to engage in healthcare; 

iv) exploring opportunities, challenges and barriers in implementing smart  health /digital transformation of healthcare

General information

This course is a teaching offer of the CIVIS partners

The course series will be delivered in the May 2022 (16-18th May 2022) 

  • Each day will be of 3 academic hours (5 hours) – max 15 estimated participants .
  • Primary target audience: bachelor and master students in the field of  Geography&Social Sciences, Urban Studies, Spatial Planning etc 
  • Participants in this course will receive 3 ECTS

Full description of the content of the course and dates

Meeting details

Join Google Meet

DAY 1 – May 16th, 2022 (10-15 UTC+2)

Presenters – Liliana Dumitrache (UB), Ana-Maria Taloș (UB)


  1. Course: From health to smart healthrethinking and restructuring healthcare systems. Liliana Dumitrache, University of Bucharest- 

This presentation will focus on significant aspects of the smart health concept: the need to reshape traditional healthcare systems and to enable preventive care, the reactive and proactive models of care, the innovative technology behind an intelligent healthcare system. 

  • Excercise: Smart health. Ana-Maria Taloș, University of Bucharest-Students will be guided to the concept and bibliography related to smart health/ healthcare care; a quiz test resumes the previous course’s knowledge.

DAY 2 – May 17th, 2022 (10-15 UTC+2)

Presenters – Liliana Dumitrache (UB), Ana-Maria Taloș (UB)


  1. Course: Shifting from traditional to smart healthcare through the digital revolution. Liliana Dumitrache, University of Bucharest. 

The presentation will focus on new healthcare delivery models, interactive healthcare, intelligent healthcare, virtual and connected care, outlining the opportunities, challenges, and barriers in developing smart healthcare.

  1. Practical application/exercise: Traditional healthcare and physical access to health facilities

Ana-Maria Taloș, University of Bucharest. Using smartphones and Google maps, the students will be guided to determine the temporal accessibility of the hospitals/health centres in a chosen area. Temporal accessibility to health services will be represented by isochrones (lines that link points where the time from a particular reference to them is the same, with constant displacement speed). These representations indicate the differences in the spatial accessibility of the population of an urban community, served by a specific transport network, to different types of medical services (hospitals, GP offices, community centres).

DAY 3 – May 18th, 2022 (10-15 UTC+2)

Presenters – Liliana Dumitrache (UB), Ana-Maria Taloș (UB)


  1. Course: Smart health and healthcare – transition to a prevention paradigm. Liliana Dumitrache, University of Bucharest. 

The presentation will resume the ideas presented in the previous days.

  1. Group debate: Traditional vs. Smart healthcare. Ana-Maria Taloș, University of Bucharest. 
  2. Final remarks and evaluation: Each student will prepare a PPT presentation on a chosen topic.

Biosketches of the presenters (listed in alphabetical order):

  1. Professor Liliana Dumitrache is a Human Geographer doing research in Geography of Health and Healthcare, Geodemography, and Quality of Life. She coordinated or was a member of numerous national or international project teams, and she extensively published books and articles in the field, promoting interdisciplinarity between geography and health sciences. L.D. is an active member of various professional organizations and associations (e.g. IGU – Commission on Health and Environment Steering Committee), is the Editor in Chief of the internationally indexed journal Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography ( and member of Editorial Boards for several geographic publications. In addition, she is the Director of the Research Centre for Geodemographic and Territorial Analysis, well-established geographers or doctoral or postdoctoral students carrying out research within ( Furthermore, she acts as an expert evaluator or member of monitoring teams within different research founding or academic evaluation authorities (National Agency for Scientific Research, Ministry of Research and Innovation, Romanian Quality Evaluation Agency for Higher Education, Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie, JPI Climate). She supervised 20 PhD Thesis (15 defended) and has extensively referred books, PhD thesis and articles in indexed national or international journals.
  1. Dr. Ana-Maria Taloș is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, with expertise in teaching, research, and student-related activities. Her research activity focuses on health geography, population lifestyle and active ageing. She organized numerous student fieldworks, symposiums and conferences. She was also part of the organizing team of international conferences held in Bucharest (2011, 2016 and 2017). She is the author of a book on lifestyle and health (Lifestyle and its impact on the health of the population. Case study: Ialomița County) and several articles related to health status and wellbeing (Socio-economic deprivation and health outcomes in Ialomita County (Romania), Influence of population lifestyle on local health profile. Case study: Ialomița county). She is a member of the Health Geography Research Network, and she attained numerous research mobility scholarships enabling her participation in international conferences and summer courses (Thailand 2018, Indonesia 2018, Vietnam 2019)


Appleby, C. & al. (2021) Digital transformation –from a buzzword to an imperative for health systems, Digital IT Scottsdale Institute, Delloite insights 

Chen SC, Hu R, McAdam R. Smart, Remote, and Targeted Health Care Facilitation Through Connected Health: Qualitative Study. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(4):e14201. Published 2020 Apr 28. doi:10.2196/14201

Delloite  (2021) The Future of Health™ Innovation is blurring traditional health care boundaries accessed on 20 02 2022

Mccarron, T.L., Moffat, K., Wilkinson, G., Zelinsky, S., Boyd, J.M., White, D., Hassay, D., Lorenzetti, D.L., Marlett, N.J., Noseworthy, T., (2019), Understanding patient engagement in health system decision-making: a co-designed scoping review. Systematic Reviews 8. doi: 10.1186/s13643-019-0994-8

Sarangi, A.K., Mohapatra, A.G.  Mishra, T.C.  Keswani B., (2021) Healthcare 4.0: A Voyage of Fog Computing With IOT, Cloud Computing, Big Data, and Machine Learning

Tanwa S. (Ed.), (2021) Fog Computing For Healthcare 4.0 Environments: Technical, Societal, and Future Implications, Springer, Cham 

Taylor, Karen (2021), Connected health. How digital technology is transforming health and social care. Delloite. Centre for health solutions

Wise, A & all (2016) Transforming health: Shifting from reactive to proactive and predictive care  MARS, in Transforming Health Market Insights Series.

accesed 18 02 2022

Woosub Jung, Hongyang Zhao, Minglong Sun, Gang Zhou, 2020, IoT botnet detection via power consumption modeling, Smart Health, Volume 15,100103,

Elliot Mbunge, Benhildah Muchemwa, Sipho’esihle Jiyane, John Batani, Sensors and healthcare 5.0: transformative shift in virtual care through emerging digital health technologies,Global Health Journal,Volume 5, Issue 4, 2021,

Comments are closed.